AskDefine | Define deformity

Dictionary Definition

deformity

Noun

1 an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed [syn: malformation, misshapenness]
2 an appearance that has been spoiled or is misshapen; "there were distinguishing disfigurements on the suspect's back"; "suffering from facial disfiguration" [syn: disfigurement, disfiguration]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • (UK) /dɪˈfɔːməti/, /dI"fO:m@ti/
  • (US) /dɪˈfɔɹməti/, /dI"fOrm@ti/

Noun

  1. The state of being deformed.
  2. Something which is deformed.

Translations

Extensive Definition

A deformity, dysmorphism, or dysmorphic feature is a major difference in the shape of the body a body part, or a body organ (internal or external) compared to the average shape for the part in question. Deformity may arise from numerous causes:
Irish Mythology includes the Fomorians, who are almost without exception described as being deformed, possessing only one of what most have two of (eyes, arms, legs, etc.) or having larger than normal limbs. Other mythological creatures may have been created due to a deformative syndrome also, for instance, descriptions of mermaids may be related to the symptoms of sirenomelia.
Deformity can occur in non-humans, as well. Frogs can be mutated due to Ribeiroia (Trematoda) infection.
In many cases in which a major deformity is present at birth, it is the result of an underlying condition severe enough that the baby does not survive very long. In some societies, defective babies are abandoned at birth: some are saved by the "kindness of strangers."(See John Boswell.)

See also

deformity in German: Deformität
deformity in Spanish: Deformidad
deformity in Japanese: 奇形
deformity in Polish: Deformacja (medycyna)
deformity in Sicilian: Sfrinzia

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

aberration, abnormality, absurdity, acute disease, affection, affliction, ailment, allergic disease, allergy, amputee, anticness, atrophy, awfulness, bacterial disease, birth defect, birthmark, bizarreness, bizarrerie, blackhead, bleb, blemish, blight, blister, bowlegs, bulla, camelback, cardiovascular disease, check, chronic disease, cicatrix, circulatory disease, cleft palate, clubfoot, comedo, complaint, complication, condition, congenital defect, crack, crater, craze, cripple, crookback, curiousness, damage, defacement, defect, defective, deficiency disease, deformation, degenerative disease, disability, disease, disfiguration, disfigurement, disorder, distemper, distortion, dreadfulness, endemic, endemic disease, endocrine disease, epidemic disease, fantasticality, fault, flatfoot, flaw, forbiddingness, freakishness, freckle, frightfulness, functional disease, fungus disease, gastrointestinal disease, genetic disease, ghastliness, grisliness, grotesqueness, grotesquerie, gruesomeness, handicap, handicapped person, harelip, hemangioma, hereditary disease, hickey, hideousness, horribleness, horridness, humpback, hunchback, iatrogenic disease, idiot, illness, imbecile, impairment, incapable, indisposition, infectious disease, infirmity, injury, irregularity, keloid, kink, knock-knee, kyphosis, lentigo, loathsomeness, lordosis, malady, malaise, malconformation, malformation, milium, misproportion, misshape, misshapenness, mole, monstrosity, monstrousness, morbidity, morbus, muscular disease, mutilation, needle scar, neurological disease, nevus, nutritional disease, occupational disease, oddity, offensiveness, organic disease, outlandishness, pandemic disease, paralytic, paraplegic, pathological condition, pathology, peculiarity, pimple, pit, plant disease, pock, pockmark, port-wine mark, port-wine stain, protozoan disease, psychosomatic disease, pustule, quadriplegic, quaintness, queerness, repugnantness, repulsiveness, respiratory disease, rift, rockiness, scab, scar, scratch, sebaceous cyst, secondary disease, seediness, sickishness, sickness, signs, singularity, splayfoot, split, strangeness, strawberry mark, sty, swayback, symptomatology, symptomology, symptoms, syndrome, talipes, teratism, teratology, terribleness, the crippled, the handicapped, the pip, torticollis, track, truncation, twist, unnaturalness, urogenital disease, valgus, verruca, vesicle, virus disease, wale, warp, wart, wasting disease, weal, weirdness, welt, wen, whitehead, worm disease, wryneck
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